top of page

The Lily Black Ticket: A Bold Stand for Racial Equality in Politics

In 1921, Virginia's political landscape was deeply impacted by racial segregation and discrimination. Demanding a seat at the table, a group of Black leaders took a stand: they formed the Lily Black Ticket; an all-Black slate of candidates running for various state-level offices. Although no candidates on the ballot were elected, this historic move stands as a testament to the ongoing fight for racial equality in American politics.

The Lily Black Ticket concept emerged from the frustration of Black Virginians who were excluded from the political process. The Republican Party, once a beacon of hope for Black voters during the Reconstruction Period, had adopted a "lily-white" policy - actively excluding Black candidates and voters. This left Black Virginians with limited political representation and minimal influence on policy decisions that directly impacted their lives.

The Lily Black Ticket comprised prominent figures in Virginia's Black community. Legends, such as: John Mitchell Jr. a renowned editor of The Richmond Planet, led the ticket as the candidate for governor; Maggie L. Walker - an Educator, Entrepreneur, Publisher, Businesswoman, and Bank Owner ran for Superintendent of Public Instruction - becoming the FIRST Black woman to run for political office in the Commonwealth of Virginia. 

The ticket also included candidates for other key political positions, each advocating for Black community-centered policies that addressed racial disparities in education, healthcare, and economic opportunities.

Virginia Republican Party, “Virginia Republican Party Flyer,” VT Special Collections and University Archives Online, accessed February 8, 2024,

The Lily Black Ticket faced immense challenges. The Democratic Party at the time, had a long history of disenfranchising Black voters, dominated Virginia politics. The Republican Party, despite its internal divisions, remained largely opposed to the Black ticket. In addition, the racist attitudes that plagued the south and voter intimidation tactics aimed at suppressing Black participation in the political process deeply hindered the possibility of candidates on the Lily Black Ticket being elected to office.

Although the candidates lost their elections, the Lily Black Ticket won in many ways! The campaign served as a powerful symbol of resistance and a call for racial justice. It garnered national attention and inspired Black communities across the country to fight for their political rights. 

The legacy of the Lily Black Ticket reaches far beyond its electoral outcome; its symbol of boldness and determination in the face of adversity to challenge the status quo was a historic win for the candidates, and for all Blacks in Virginia and beyond.


bottom of page